It asks teachers to know their students well so they can provide each one with experiences and tasks that will improve learning. Differentiated instruction describes the variety of methods teachers use to accommodate a diverse range of learners. A framework for giving students choice in demonstrating their understanding of course content. Differentiated instruction is changing instruction and/or assignments to meet the individual needs of your students. Differentiation should be responsive instruction, not mechanical instruction. During COVID-19, our conversations focus on the learning loss of students. There is not an intervention available that I will not implement for one of my 8th grade students, if needed. On the contrary, “orderly flexibility” is a defining feature of differentiated classrooms—and of any classroom that prioritizes student thinking. The teacher uses a variety of instructional strategies to help target instruction to students’ needs. As Carol Ann Tomlinson has said, differentiation means giving students multiple options for taking in information (1999). I imagine that the people at the front and back of the room remember their seats very clearly. Differentiation is the educational practice of modifying or adapting instruction, school materials, subject content, class projects, and assessment methods to better meet the needs of diverse learners. Under this system, buzzards nearly always worked with buzzards on skills-focused tasks, while work done by cardinals was typically at “higher levels” of thought. Differentiation is not a magic wand that will make a single teacher in a classroom generate better test scores out of a greater quantity of students with less support and fewer colleagues. Teachers need to build community as well as attend to individual needs. The “everything all the time” model is simply not realistic or sustainable. The idea was to create a different, customized lesson each day for each of the 30-plus students in a single classroom. Although Mr. Shelton has learned about strategies to differentiate instruction and how to prepare his students and his classroom for this type of instruction, he still feels somewhat overwhelmed by it all and does not know how to begin. August 23, 2018 ©iStock/MachineHeadz. With tiers, there … Differentiated instruction allows the teacher to change instruction based on a child's strengths and weaknesses. 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Carol Ann Tomlinson is a leader in the area of differentiated learning and professor of educational leadership, foundations, and policy at the University of Virginia. Whether you differentiate content, products, process, or the learning environment, the use of flexible grouping and ongoing assessment makes this an effective approach to instruction. Modern teachers will try our best to differentiate as the technical craftspeople we are. Why is differentiated instruction important? Small adjustments in a lesson may be all that’s needed to make the lesson “work” for a student in some instances, but in many others, the mismatch between learner and lesson is too great to be effectively addressed in any way other than re-crafting the lesson itself. Differentiated instruction is when a lesson is tailored to meet more than one academic level. They simply observed the teacher’s instruction.   In a differentiated classroom, teachers recognize that all students are different and require varied teaching methods to be successful. Differentiated instruction is difficult and time-consuming work, however, and class sizes are increasing all the time, making individualized learning harder to achieve. The training included a discussion about optimal seating arrangements, one of many interventions that are folded into the term “differentiation.” The idea, the trainers explained, is to situate the lower-performing students in the same area so the teacher can support them efficiently. Which one of the following is NOT a way in which instruction can be differentiated to meet the needs of all learners? Succeeding With Differentiation. Differentiated instruction is not really a new concept; it has been with us for a very long time in the guise of ‘mixed-ability teaching'. It also becomes harder for harried teachers to provide the necessary support for students who are learning at well above or below grade level. You have entered an incorrect email address! Classroom teaching is a mix of whole-class, group and individual instruction. Differentiation is a way of teaching; it’s not a program or package of worksheets. Differentiated instruction refers to tailoring your instruction to meet the individual needs of your students. By Terry Roberts In the middle schools where I have taught, differentiated instruction is understood in multiple ways. A framework for giving students choice in demonstrating their understanding of course content. Every student benefits from being on the teacher’s radar and from seeing evidence that the teacher understands their development and plans with their success in mind. A teacher, who I otherwise loved, seated his class based on the students’ marking-period grades. Classroom teaching is a mix of whole-class, group and individual instruction. In past approaches such as the banking model, students were asked to be passive learners. Page 12: Classroom Implementation. Each student requires one on one instruction. Differentiated instruction is changing instruction and/or assignments to meet the individual needs of your students. An international nonprofit education association, ASCD is dedicated to providing the resources that empower educators to support the success of each learner. Differentiation should be responsive instruction, not mechanical instruction. We should be asking why the adults always control the learning. Here’s a surprise, though: teachers who differentiate instruction are quick to point out that, if anything, they now exert more leadership in their classrooms, not less. There are students whose experiences outside the classroom weigh negatively on their ability to concentrate or complete work. Differentiated instruction is a blend of whole-class, group, and individual instruction. Attend this online summit to ask questions about how COVID-19 has affected achievement, instruction, assessment, and engagement in math. Differentiated instruction is a framework for teachers to use to adjust their instruction and curriculum based on student’s abilities and learning needs. Teachers can differentiate content, process, and/or product for students (Tomlinson, 1999). This content is provided by our sponsor. approach that helps educators tailor their teaching so that all students We can’t expect our students to all be on the same level, so why would we design our lessons that way? What do we want them to Know, Understand, and be able to Do (KUD) as a result of the learning experience? We’re thrilled to announce the launch of the all new EdWeek.org. However, differentiated instruction does not only fit elementary students but every student from different levels as well. You may be surprised how easy it is to incorporate into your classrooms. Decades ago, in an attempt to honor students' learning differences, educators experimented with what was called "individualized instruction." It begins with clearly defining where we want students to go before thinking about how we want them to get there. Effectively differentiated classrooms include purposeful student movement and sometimes purposeful student talking, but they are not disorderly or undisciplined. Here's what they said. For more useful teaching tips and tricks, click here. Tue., January 12, 2021, 2:00 p.m. - 3:00 p.m. Differentiated instruction describes the variety of methods teachers use to accommodate a diverse range of learners. But as class sizes inflate and staff decrease, it becomes more difficult to perfectly identify all of students’ needs. Not all students are alike. it is teaching with student variance in mind. Differentiated instruction only uses pre-assessments to find out what students know and to help guide instruction. Fear of returning to uncertainty about “control of student behavior” is a major obstacle for many teachers in establishing a flexible classroom. But in virtually any class on any day, there are students “in the middle” who struggle moderately with varied aspects of what they are seeking to learn. The most powerful differentiation is based on pre-assessment and ongoing assessment of student progress toward key goals. The teacher uses a variety of instructional strategies to help target instruction to students’ needs. it is teaching with student variance in mind. All teachers differentiate to some degree. Differentiated instruction is not a single strategy but rather a framework that teachers can use to implement a variety of strategies, many of which are evidence-based. What differentiated instruction means. Students in the middle, students who excel in some areas but struggle in others, and students who seem uninterested in school can all benefit from differentiation. But when I put that seating arrangement into practice during an Of Mice and Men unit, one group labeled themselves “the Lennie group,” after Steinbeck’s unforgettable character with an intellectual disability. Differentiated instruction is not going away. Differentiated instruction does not change WHAT is taught; it changes HOW it is taught. Through differentiated instruction subject matter can also be more comprehensible for English Language Learners and as well as those students with special needs through the use of different activities. It begins with clearly defining where we want students to go before thinking about how we want them to get there. Differentiated Instruction. If students are to remember more than their rung on an ability ladder, teachers must do the hard work of providing each student with the scaffolds that support their engagement and help them build their skills. ... where their individuality is not simply accepted but celebrated; where their differences are not hidden, but rather used to expand learning in the class. Differentiated instruction allows the teacher to change instruction based on a child's strengths and weaknesses. For more useful teaching tips and tricks, click here. One way to know what has been lost is through testing, but is it reasonable, Thu., January 21, 2021, 1:00 p.m. - 2:30 p.m. It is not English-language-learner support. The software students are using helps teachers at Whittemore Park differentiate instruction. Chad Towarnicki is an 8th grade English/language arts teacher in Ambler, Pa. What has actually worked for building student-teacher relationships so far this year? Differentiated instruction, also known as differentiated learning, is a teaching philosophy that considers the needs of all students, even if they’re in the same (virtual) classroom. Differentiation is not supposed to equal remediation, however. ET. Through differentiated instruction subject matter can also be more comprehensible for English Language Learners and as well as those students with special needs through the use of different activities. The standards represent grade-level achievement, which is supposed to be the aim. Submitted by Joan Risner (not verified) on April 5, 2015 - 6:18am The COVID-19 pandemic, combined with the nation’s mental health and equity concerns, has accelerated the shift in the accountability landscape. Differentiation is more reminiscent of a one-room-schoolhouse than of individualization. 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