Causes of 1857 Revolt. Revolt of 1857 1. The start of the revolt was on the 29th of March, 1857, when Mangal Pandey, attacked his officers. The villages took to arms and the landlords led them. The revolt of 1857 was first organized attempt of Indians to get rid of the British. The British took several steps to reform the society. This is an animated video that explains about the causes of the revolt of 1857. The Great revolt of 1857 is often remarked as “India’s first war of Independence. 1. After the defeat of the rebel forces, the British had a two-pronged strategy to suppress the rebels and the rebellion. Both Hindus and Muslim sepoys were offended by the introduction of these cartridges. Copyright © All rights reserved. A law was also passed to encourage widow remarriage. The revolt of 1857 began on religious note. Ans: In 1850, a new law was passed to make conversion to Christianity easier. Table of Contents. Download free printable worksheets Social Science pdf of CBSE and kendriya vidyalaya Schools as per latest syllabus in pdf, CBSE Class 8 SST Worksheet - The Revolt of 1857. Here we outline the various political and economic factors that helped cause the revolt. Causes of the Revolt: Ans: Though the rebels were determined to bring the East India Company’s rule in country to an end, they were faced with the question as to who would rule the land once the space of power fell vacant. Ever since the Vellore Mutiny, unofficial political committees of soldiers were a regular feature of army life in India. During the 1857 revolt, the rebels needed someone who would rule the land once the British were thrown out of the country. This law made it easier to convert to Christianity. Roll No. This video or animation explains the revolt of 1857 which is one of the major event in the struggle for Indian Independence. 1 Administrative Reasons for Failure of 1857 Revolt. Bahadur Shah sent letters to all such chiefs and rulers, urging them to come forward and support the rebellion. in 1849, Revolt of the Santhals (1855-56), Kol uprising (1831-32) etc. The aspects of the revolt is discussed inn the following slides :- 3. Required fields are marked *. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning. All the British historians, in particular. Nature and causes of the revolt of 1857 • The Revolt of 1857 was a reply from Indians to the British oppressive policies. B. The Revolt of 1857 is also famous as the Sepoy Mutiny or the Frist War of Independence for India. GK> Revolt of 1857 – Sepoy Mutiny – Study Notes [PDF] Q5: What could be the reasons for the confidence of the British rulers about their position in India before May 1857? Before 1858, the administration of Indian affairs was in the hands of the Board of Control of the British government and the Directors of the British East Indian Company. Misrule by the nawab was given as the reason for annexation of Awadh. The mutiny at Vellore (1806), at Barrackpore (1824), at Ferozpur (1842), mutiny of the 7th Bengal cavalry, mutiny of 22nd N.I. They were assured that they would be allowed to continue to enjoy traditional rights over their lands. • Lord Dalhousie followed an aggressive expansionist policy and unjustly annexed Satara, Nagpur and Jhansi, using the Policy of Doctrine of Lapse. • Lord Dalhousie followed an aggressive expansionist policy and unjustly annexed Satara, Nagpur and Jhansi, using the Policy of Doctrine of Lapse. These were among the high degree of protests by the people that culminated in the revolt of 1857. There is no unanimity among scholars regarding the nature of the revolt of 1857 and a debate took place between 1950-1960 focusing attentions on three perspectives: sepoy mutiny, national struggle or first war of independence or a manifestation of feudalist revival. The presence of British Residents in the courts further eroded their authority and curtailed their freedom to administer their kingdoms. Q6: What impact did Bahadur Shah Zafar’s support to the rebellion have on the people and the ruling families? The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops.The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. The nature of the 1857 event has become so emotive that it gave scope to multiple perspectives. Political Causes: The British policy of territorial annexations led to the displacement of a large … It started essentially as a sepoy mutiny but was soon joined by the civilians from different classes viz. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. It was announced that they would be given another place in Delhi as residence. The British government was now directly responsible for ruling India. ICSE Solutions for Class 8 History and Civics – The Great Uprising of 1857. Ans: Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi wanted the East India Company to recognise her adopted son as the heir to the kingdom after the death of her husband. 2.1 Superior British Army; 2.2 Limited Supplies and Lack of Modern Communication; 3 Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt. Some of the new rules violated their religious sensibilities and beliefs. On 24 April 1857, some soldiers stationed at Meerut also refused to use the cartridges. The leadership of the Mughal emperor seemed to provide legitimacy to it. Some other foreign historian holds it to be a “Muslim conspiracy” against the British and its aim […] The authority and the honour which they earlier commanded were gradually waning away. The British had appointed Residents in many courts. 8. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Ultimately, the Company annexed the kingdom as per the Doctrine of Lapse. It removed the name of the Mughal king from the coins. Nature and causes of the revolt of 1857 • The Revolt of 1857 was a reply from Indians to the British oppressive policies. According to Seeley, the Revolt of 1857 was a wholly unpatriotic and selfish sepoys mutiny with no native leadership and no popular support. An Indian sepoy was paid less than a European sepoy of the same rank. This incident sparked off a general mutiny among the sepoys of Meerut. Ans: Changes in the policies of the British after the suppression of the rebellion of 1857: (i) British Crown took over the control of administration − The British Parliament passed an Act in 1859, under which, the powers of the East India Company were transferred to the British Crown. Gradually they established their full control over India. The Company officially promoted the English language. A) It was not joined by certain groups and classes. The Secretary of State was a member of the British cabinet and thus, the ultimate power over India remained in the hands of th… New laws were passed against the practice of sati. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History, and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). After the death of her husband, she wanted her adopted son to be recognized as the heir to the kingdom. Educated middle-class people also were behind the British power. You can change your ad preferences anytime. The Revolt of 1857 was a prolonged period of armed uprising as well as rebellions in Northern and Central India against British occupation of that part of … The Revolt ended the rule of the English East India Company. Most of the sepoys were from rural background. C) Indian soldiers were well equipped D) There was a coherent ideology during the revolt. The Hindus believed that crossing the sea would mean that they would lose their religion and caste. The Revolt of 1857 started as a Mutiny of the sepoys. A widespread popular rebellion developed in the region of Awadh in particular. After the revolt was suppressed, Bahadur Shah was tried in court and sentenced to life imprisonment. However, there were some others who wanted to get rid of many of the social evils. (vi) Promised non-interference in the sphere of religion − The British assured the people of India that their religious and social practises would be respected and not interfered with. (ii) Provided a sense of security to the local rulers − The ruling chiefs of the country were assured that their territories would never be annexed by the British. Nature of the Great Revolt of 1857. This law allowed an Indian who had converted to Christianity to inherit the property of his ancestors. Revision worksheets, Sample papers, Question banks and easy to learn study notes for all classes and subjects based on CBSE and CCE guidelines. The Mutiny of 1857: India's First Rebellion Against the British, Examples NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science - History | Free PDF History Guide: Chapters with Concepts, Videos and Examples Quick summary with Stories One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. Those who had rebelled were told that if they submitted to the British, and if they had not killed any white people, they would remain safe and their rights and claims to land would not be denied. Many peasants had lost the lands they had been tilling for generations because of their failure to repay their loans. Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell). They announced reward for loyal landowners. However, recent researches have proved that the cartridge was not the only cause for this revolt. In 1850, a new law allowed an Indian who had converted to Christianity to inherit property of his ancestors. CBSE Class 8 Social Science Revolt Of 1857 Notes. Section :- (B) Rajasthan Board RBSE Class 8 Social Science Notes Chapter 18 The Revolt of 1857. :- 03. The Indian soldiers were forced to work where their religious beliefs were antagonistic. The immediate cause of the Revolt was the issue of the greased cartridges. *Many fierce battles occurred and India kept Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. British historian have only considered it as a “sepoy mutiny”, they consider its immediate cause the greased cartridges only. NATURE OF REVOLT There is a great controversy amongst the scholars over the nature of the revolt of 1857. APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... No public clipboards found for this slide. (iv) Reorganised the army − The proportion of Indian soldiers in the army was reduced and the number of European soldiers in the army was increased. During the 1857 revolt, the rebels needed someone who would rule the land once the British were thrown out of the country. Name :- Amit Mishra :- 03 2. Impact on the Sepoys The revolt of 1857 originated with the mutiny of the Sepoys. For this, the sepoys were severely punished. 1. British raj in rf india*British mostly lied on present countries ofIndia , Pakistan & Bangladesh . The Mutiny of 1857: India's First Rebellion Against the British, Examples NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science - History | Free PDF History Guide: Chapters with Concepts, Videos and Examples Quick summary with Stories On 10 May 1857, these rebel soldiers killed their British officers, released their imprisoned comrades and hoisted the flag of revolt. Match the following: Yet, the word of the Mughal king still held force for quite a number of ruling families. They also abolished the Doctrine of Lapse, thereby allowing rulers to pass on their kingdoms to adopted sons. “The Rebellion of 1857” They never mixed with the Indian people and treated even the upper class Indians with contempt. Since the time it erupted, all historians have been engaged in the futile exercise of labelling the Uprising of 1857 with some descriptive word or other- such as mutiny, revolt, revolution, national war etc. A significant mutiny to happen before the 1857 Revolt was the Vellore (Tamil Nadu, South India) Mutiny of 1806 which was brutally crushed by British officers and soldiers. They had not come to settle in India but only to take money home. Why did the revolt of 1857 fail? However, they agree to go by land route. Various Aspects of “The Rebellion of 1857” Name :- Amit Mishra Class :- 8th Section :- (B) Roll No. nature of their rule. The British historians Sir John Lawrence and Seeley, considered it nothing more than a sepoy mutiny. It rarely had to use military power. They never mixed with the Indian people and treated even the upper class Indians with contempt. Since the mid-eighteenth century, the power of nawabs and rajas had been eroding. A subsidiary alliance was imposed on Awadh in 1801 and it was fully taken over in 1856. On the other hand, they tried their best to win back the loyalty of the people. peasants, Zamindars, local rulers etc. The Indian sepoys were not happy about their pay, allowances and conditions of service. Students and parents can download free a collection of all A) It was not joined by certain groups and classes. However, he had to give in, and was thus proclaimed their leader. 1857 revolt:causes and itsconsequences 2. They were considered inferior to British soldiers. Nature /aspects of the rebellion of 1857 1. In consequence of this action, the rebellion spread. B) Modern educated Indians looked at it as backward looking. Revolt of 1857 (Sepoy Mutiny) multiple choice questions for your upcoming exams like SSC, CGL, IAS Railway etc. (v) Treated the Muslims with suspicion and hostility − Considering them to be responsible for the rebellion in a big way, the British confiscated the land and property of Muslims on a large scale. CBSE Class 8 Social Science Revolt of 1857 Notes. Results of the 1857 Revolt: The 1857 revolt though failed and crushed by the superior military force of the British was a significant event of far-reaching consequences in the history of British rule in India. Answer: There are divergent view regarding the nature of the outbreak of 1857. i) All of the above ii) A, B and C iii) Only D iv) A and B View Answer / … The various kingdoms were forced to disband their armies and enter into a subsidiary alliance with the British. In 1849, it was announced by Governor General Dalhousie that after the death of Bahadur Shah Zafar the family of the king would be shifted out of the Red Fort. Q 2: What did the British do to protect the interests of those who converted to Christianity ? The attached concepts made as per NCERT and CBSE pattern will help the student to understand the chapter and score better marks in the … The Company also took away their revenues and territories in stages. Though the g… The Revolt of 1857: The first expression of organised resistance was the Revolt of 1857. 8. Q 7: How did the British succeed in securing the submission of the rebel landowners of Awadh? He further maintains that it was a rebellion of the Indian sepoys. The attack by Mangal Pandey is considered one of the first acts of what came to be known as the Great Rebellion or the Sepoy Mutiny. The British historians have treated the great uprising of 1857 as a sepoy mutiny. Match the following: The sepoys wanted an end to the British rule and make Bahadur Shah Zafar their leader. This interpretation is not correct. There are few scholars who perceived the Revolt of 1857 as a National Movement. After the death of Aurangzeb, the Mughal dynasty had declined and many smaller power centres had begun asserting their authority. The British founded their empire in Bengal after winning the Battle of Plassey in 1757. So, they also reacted to what was happening in the countryside. The Company was also working on its plan to bring the Mughal dynasty to an end. It was … The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. Though Mughals had lost their earlier authority, a Mughal emperor’s word still held importance for quite a number of smaller rulers and chieftains. The emperor wrote letters to the various chiefs and rulers of the country to come forward and organise a confederacy of Indian states to fight the British. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s … Scholars have different views on the Revolt of 1857. The fact that apart from the Company there was no other dominant authority in the Indian subcontinent, and the belief that there was absolutely no threat to its authority together contributed to its confidence about its position in India before May 1857. The Revolt of 1857 starts from Meerut and it spread like a wildfire to various parts of India. 1. Regiment after regiment mutinied, and joined the rebel troops at Delhi, Kanpur and Lucknow. This video is from Kriti Educational Videos. Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. nature of their rule. The revolt of 1857 was the conscious beginning of the Independence struggle against the colonial tyranny of the British. It was also decided upon that Bahadur Shah would be the last Mughal king and after his death, none of his descendents would be recognised as kings. After his death, none of his descendants would be recognized as kings. A feeling was developing among most of the Indians that the British were trying to destroy their religion, social customs and traditional way of life. This not only strengthened the rebel forces, but also gave a national character to the rebellion. The name of the Mughal king was removed from the coins minted by the Company. When the rebel forces reached Red Fort, Bahadur Shah was reluctant at first to take on the might of the British. It was initiated by sepoys in the Bengal Presidency against the British officers. Q 8: In what ways did the British change their policies as a result of the rebellion of 1857? Ans: Since the mid-eighteenth century, the power of the nawabs and rajas was on its decline. Let us take the example of Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi. However, they had to swear allegiance to the British crown. Its causes lay deeply embedded in the grievances that all sections of Indian society nurtured against the British rule. It was a civil rebellion led by the Sepoys. Nature /aspects of the rebellion of 1857 1. So the Indians could never develop any affinity towards them. Your email address will not be published. Similarly, Nana Saheb who was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II, wanted his father’s pension when the Peshwa died. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. 1.1 Lack of Planning and Co-ordination; 1.2 Weak Leadership of the 1857 Mutiny; 2 Military Causes of Failure of 1857 Revolt. Some historians are of opinion that the revolt in the North-Western province was a lawless revolt by a … Discuss the nature of the Uprising/Revolt of 1857. B. (iii) Provided a sense of security to landowners − Policies were made to protect landlords and zamindars, and give them security of rights over their lands. British historians have called it a Mutiny – confined to the army which did not command the support of the people at large. The Company, through various measures, ensured that the dynasty came to an end. However, the British government succeeded in suppressing the revolt. There are two major views regarding the nature of the Revolt of 1857. The immediate cause of the Revolt was the issue of the greased cartridges. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. You can Read First. The peasants were not happy with the high taxes and the rigid methods of revenue collection. Threatened by the expansion of the British rule, many of them felt that if the Mughal emperor could rule again, they too would be able to rule their own territories once more. But the Company always turned down such requests. Some states, which had grievances against their annexation, also joined the rebellion. On 9 May 1857, they were severely punished for this. The new law made it mandatory for a sepoy to agree to serve overseas if required. Ans: After the death of Aurangzeb, Mughal emperors held only symbolic value. On the other hand, the staunch patriotic and nationalist Indian writers & historians regard the Revolt of 1857 as the First War of Indian Independence. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. This is the reason why the revolt and the threatening form it took came as a shock to the British. The Revolt of 1857 started as a Mutiny of the sepoys. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Revolt of 1857 1.The educated middle class in India: Opposed the revolt of 1857 Supported the revolt of 1857 Remained neutral to the revolt of 1857 Fought against native rulers 2. Many ruling families tried to negotiate with the Company to protect their interests but they failed. Revolt of 1857 was one the most extraordinary event in the history of India. However, by the Government of India Actof British Parliament in 1858, this authority was divested from the Board of Control and the East Indian Company and was entrusted to the Secretary of State for India aided by a council. In 1824, when the sepoys were told to go to Burma by the sea route they refused to follow the order. In fact, multiple causes i.e., social-religious-political- economic worked together to produce the rebellion. The terms of the subsidiary alliance, and later, of the Doctrine of Lapse were such that the East India Company slowly but surely took control over the kingdoms one by one. Impact on the Sepoys The revolt of 1857 originated with the mutiny of the Sepoys. Why did the revolt of 1857 fail? The revolt began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as a sepoy mutiny. :- 03 2. "In this instan There are various names for the revolt of 1857 – India’s First War of Independence, Sepoy Mutiny, etc. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Q 1 : What was the demand of Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi that was refused by the British? The aspects of the revolt is discussed inn the following slides :- 3. He died in the Rangoon jail in November 1862. From 1757 to 1857, the Company successfully annexed various Indian states, virtually unopposed, by using a variety of political, economic and diplomatic methods. The Great revolt of 1857 is often remarked as “India’s first war of Independence. The freedom of the Indian rulers was reduced and their armed forces were disbanded. After them, the people of various Indian towns and villages also rose up in rebellion and rallied around local leaders, zamindars and chiefs. On the one hand, they tried and hanged a number of rebel leaders who had challenged their authority and could do so again in the future. Q 3: What objections did the sepoys have to the new cartridges that they were asked to use? Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Having this symbolic head inspired the rebels to fight the British with renewed confidence, hope and courage. It was only later on that other elements of society joined the revolt. Indian sepoys formed more than 87% of British troops in India. B) Modern educated Indians looked at it as backward looking. They decided that this leader would have to be the Mughal emperor living in the Red Fort, in Delhi. In 1856, it was decided by Governor General Canning that Bahadur Shah Zafar would be the last Mughal king. C) Indian soldiers were well equipped D) There was a coherent ideology during the revolt. New cartridges were suspected of being coated with the Indian people and even. Unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule and make Bahadur Shah Zafar ’ s army eventually! Question lay in Red Fort, in Delhi 2 Military causes of Failure of 1857 was the such! The same rank rebels and the threatening form it took came as a sepoy mutiny here outline! Negotiate with the fat of cows and pigs recent researches have proved that the British change their as. Per the Doctrine of Lapse Meerut as a mutiny of the British succeed in securing submission. Greased cartridges “ India ’ s first war of Independence to use the cartridges of Independence ; 1.2 leadership! Kol uprising ( 1831-32 ) etc others who wanted to get better marks in examinations it easier to to... It a mutiny of the new law allowed an Indian sepoy was paid than! 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